Taif Agreement In Arabic

The agreement provided for the withdrawal of all Syrian troops from the Beqaa Valley for up to two years, but did not provide a timetable for their total withdrawal from the country. This failure allowed the Syrian Arab Army to occupy the Beqaa for the next 15 years and dominate political life during the same period, until it withdrew completely in March 2005, after the Cedar Revolution and UN Resolution 1559. 2000-2005: The troop withdrawal component of the Taif Agreement has not been fully implemented, although ten years have passed since the signing of the agreement. On 24 May 2000, Israel completely withdrew its troops from southern Lebanon3. On 31 May 2000, Syria agreed that Israel`s withdrawal from Lebanon would be completed and adopted Resolution 425.4 After Israel`s withdrawal, Syria gradually withdrew some of its troops from Lebanon (five redistributions). However, in 2004, 20,000 Syrian soldiers were still deployed in Lebanon. The agreement also provided for the disarmament of all national and non-national militias. Hezbollah, as a "resistance force" and not a militia, was allowed to remain armed and fight Israel in the South, a privilege that, according to Swedish academic Magnus Ranstorp, obtained in part by using its influence as the holder of a number of Western hostages. [9] The power-sharing clause of the Taif Agreement was implemented in 1992. According to As`ad AbuKhalil and many Lebanese Christians, the agreement has significantly reduced the power of the President to the Council of Ministers, although the question of whether this power has been transferred to the Council as a whole or to the Prime Minister is being discussed.

As in most parliamentary republics, the President, who mentioned an important executive power before the agreement, was reduced to a figurehead with no real and/or considerable power. He also stressed that the agreement had extended the mandate of the Lebanese parliament spokesman from one year to four years, although the position remains "largely devoid of useful authority". [10] The Taif Agreement attempted to exercise the sovereignty of the Lebanese state on its internationally recognized territory and therefore had the provisions for the withdrawal of troops. At the time of the signing of the agreement, Syria has about 40,000 troops in Lebanon, which control about 65% of the country. Israel had a force of 1,500-3,000 in southern Lebanon in the so-called security zone. Israel had also relocated about 200,000 of its 2.7 million inhabitants to the controlled area. [fn] Sandra M. Saseen, "The Taif Accord and Lebanon`s Struggle to Regain Its Sovereignty," American University Journal of International Law and Policy 6, No. 1(1990): 57, footnotes 2, 3. [/efn_note] Syria had accepted the principle of a possible withdrawal of troops from all Lebanese territory, but no withdrawal took place in 1989.

Similarly, Israel continued its occupation. 8. After consultation with the Prime Minister, give the cabinet formation decree. 6. When the President of the Republic is present, he presides over cabinet meetings. The firm meets at regular intervals at the special headquarters. The legal quorum for a cabinet meeting is 2/3 of the cabinet members. The cabinet decides with the agreement. If that is not possible, it is by vote. Decisions are adopted by a majority of the members present. For important questions, they must be approved by 2/3 of the cabinet members.

Important issues include: state of emergency and abolition, war and peace, general mobilization, international agreements and treaties, general state budget, global and long-term development plans, appointment of senior officials or equivalents, revision of the administrative department, dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, right to vote, citizenship law, civil status law and dismissal of ministers.

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