We are looking at the International Environmental Agreement (IEA) with ancillary benefits. 1.42 Reducing the effects of ozone-depleting substances. Environment Canada also receives information from international sources on the various environmental aspects and the effects of reducing the use of ozone-depleting substances. The scientific information comes from the reports of the Montreal Protocol Scientific Assessment Group. This body is made up of international experts from countries, including Canada, who are parties to the Montreal Protocol. These reports are used by the parties as a basis for decision.- According to these reports: 1.131 In our view, to demonstrate to Canadians the environmental results achieved under Canada`s international environmental agreements, two elements of responsibility are essential to the federal government: setting performance expectations and measuring and reporting results. The departments responsible for the results clearly indicate the expected results and then measure the results obtained. 1.133 We are aware that determining quantifiable outcomes and subsequently measuring results on the basis of these expectations can be a major challenge in dealing with complex environmental issues. The context and difficulties associated with any agreement we are considering also differ, and that is why we must be careful not to generalize this knowledge to all of Canada`s international environmental agreements. Nevertheless, the results of the audit show that, in addition to their growing number, international environmental agreements have also increased in size and complexity. While previous agreements focused on a limited number of topics, the latest agreements deal with a much wider range of issues.
In addition, the terms of recent agreements are generally more comprehensive and stricter and cover a wider range of commitments. 1.2 We found that both the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances and the Ozone Annex apply to the United States. Air quality agreements, expected environmental outcomes have been defined and Environment Canada measures actual results in the complacency of these expectations. In both cases, the Department knows to what extent it is achieving the environmental objectives we have studied. 1.78 Recommendation. Transport Canada should define environmental performance and meet the expectations that marine oil pollution prevention and monitoring programs can reasonably meet. 1.123 Of the five agreements we reviewed, environmental performance expectations (or targets) were clearly established in the case of the Montreal Protocol, the Ozone Annex and, in part, in the case of UNFA, based on the fish stocks examined. 1.1 International environmental agreements reflect important government policies on major environmental issues and Canadians should know what has been achieved and what has not been achieved through these agreements.
We reviewed five international environmental agreements to determine whether the relevant federal departments know to what extent the concrete objectives of the agreements are being achieved. We found that services were informed to varying degrees of their ability to achieve the environmental objectives and outcomes of their respective agreements. 1.29 This review was based on the principles of accountability before Parliament and the results achieved for Canadians and examined how the Canadian federal government is responsible for the outcome of its international environmental agreements.