Addis Ababa Peace Agreement

Page 248 Note 5 For the full text of the political declaration on the question of the South by President Nirneiri, 9 June 1969, see Beshir, Mohamed Omer, South Sudan: From Conflict to Peace (London, 1975), App. A. Page 251 Note 1 Interview with DrWol, Wol in "The South: Three Years of Peace," Africa (London), 43, 03 1975, p. 91. … signed the Addis Ababa Agreement on 27 February 1972. The agreement ended 17 years of conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army and launched autonomy for the southern region, which is no longer in the three provinces of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baar al-Ghazl and… A decade of relative peace ensued, although the Addis Ababa agreement did not decouple the tensions that had originally led to a civil war. The Addis Ababa agreement proved to be a temporary respite. Resource violations and marginalization by the North led to an intensification of unrest in the South from the late 1970s onwards. Page 263 Note 2 Mohamed Omer Beshir, born in 1926, was former rector of Khartoum University and secretary general of the Round Table Conference 1965.

Among his publications is South Sudan: background to conf1ict (London, 1968). Page 270 Note 2 For the text of the Alexandria Agreement, see Nilspiegel, August 16, 1974. page 249 Note 2 Bell, J. Bowyer, "The Sudan`s African Policy: Problems and Prospects," in Africa Today (Denver), XX, 3, Summer 1973, 9 and 11. . The Addis Ababa Agreement, also known as the Addis Ababa Agreement, was a series of compromises under a 1972 treaty that ended fighting in Sudan (1955-1972) in Sudan. The Addis Ababa agreements have been incorporated into Sudan`s constitution. Page 268 Note 1 Radio Issue Omdurman, November 2, 1974. .

Page 251 Note 4 For a study on institution building in Sudan, see Niblock, Timothy C., `A New Political System in Sudan`, in African Affairs (London), 73, 293, 10 1974, 408-18. Full text views reflect the number of PDF downloads, PDFFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle, and full html displays. Page 274 Note 2 SUNA, August 7, 1975. Nimeiri denounced "adventurers who make childish statements and announce every day and every hour projects of imaginative unity according to moods." Ibid., May 25, 1974. He insisted that Libyan agents had protected the conspirators from his government, stirred up the student excitement at Khartoum University and changed their position on $7.25 million, which was allegedly wasted in November 1969, but had been recovered on loan with interest in early 1973. Ibid., May 30, 1974. page 257 Note 6, ibid., February 10, 1975. General Amin visited Sudan at the end of March 1975. page 266 Note 3 For excellent analysis, see Cohn Legum, "Africa, Arabs and the Middle East," in legum (.M. note), op. Page 257 Note 2 Africa Research Bulletin (Exeter), XI, 12, I5.

January 1975, 3454. The agreement was intended to address and allay fears of the liberation and secession movement in South Sudan, as the first Sudanese civil war of the government of North Sudan and the people of the South has grown and requires a great deal of resources. The creation of the South Sudan Autonomous Region through the Addis Ababa Agreement has given a degree of autonomy. [3] This meant that South Sudan was no longer divided between the three separate regions of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baér al-Ghazel and A`l`al-Nel (Upper Nile). The region would be governed by a separate legislative and executive body. Anya Nya`s soldiers are said to be integrated into the Sudanese army and police. The Addis Ababa agreement has given Nimeri popularity and prestige both in Sudan and outside the country. [4] . Page 254 Note 2 Peter K. Bechtold, "Military Regime in Sudan: The First Five Years of Ja`far Numayri," Ibid.


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